Every parent and educator support the belief that each child deserves a good education. So does the U.S. Department of Education U.S. Department of Education (DOE), a federal level organization creating educational policies like Section 504. It ensures that kids with disabilities have the right to seek help in conquering academic learning hurdles throughout the nation’s public school systems.
As a federal statute, Section 504 is part of the U.S. Rehabilitation Act of 1973 that prevents discrimination or exclusion based on disability. As a civil rights statute, it offers disabled students the right to similar, equal, or satisfactory services extended to non-disabled students.
What makes the 504 education plan unique?
It offers parents an opportunity to work with school administrators and educators to design a customized educational plan. For a better understanding, parents need to make a comparison checklist of other non-federal assistance programs supporting the education of disabled children. The list will clarify the differences and support methods between Section 504 and the other programs. All of the educational programs are intended to ensure a student receives the benefit of education. The level of service, accommodations, and physical modifications depend on the school and the student’s entitlement.
504 Plan for disabled students
Students with physical or mental impairments that increase the learning challenges may qualify for the Section 504 Plan. For parents, you need to understand the language, terms, and the limitations of the plan. First things – special needs encompass a wide array of disabled circumstances, physical mobility, health, medical, and mental conditions. Why? Because each of these conditions plays a role in determining the accommodations necessary for students to reach their full potential.
- Evaluate the needed level of services.
- Set obtainable goals.
- Understand the educational and emotional challenges.
In December 2016, the U.S. DOE set guidelines explaining and administering the federal civil rights laws to protect disabled student rights disabled student rights. The guide was intended to clarify the responsibilities of educational institutions on learning opportunities.
The curriculum of a 504 Plan
The plan’s purpose and goals are to accommodate students in traditional classroom environments with supportive aids to achieve satisfactory academic success defined by the school. Keep in mind, curriculum are not textbooks or material that instruct disabled students to learn.
504 curriculum recognizes:
- Responsibilities of institutions and individuals involved in the process.
- Classify timelines, expectations, and standards used to measure a student’s knowledge and skill.
- Support systems and modifications guidelines as curriculum requirements change.
- Evaluation and assessments cycles to determine the success or need for improvement.
Families with special needs children share many common educational difficulties, yet each student is as individual as the disorder, presenting separate challenges, learning problems, and behavioral struggles.
Enhancements to a 504 Learning Curriculum
Sometimes educational accommodations are needed for a disabled student dealing with physical limitations or health disorders that interference with classroom contributions. By assessing a student’s intellectual and physical capabilities, administrators can communicate with teachers and classroom coordinators. The 504 educational approaches allow for teaching adjustments without changing the learning matter or content.
- Special seating.
- Extended testing time, alternative testing, and assignment methods.
- Modified textbooks, audio-video, and classroom materials.
- Scheduled on-site medical visits or physical therapy.
As parents get involved with the school processes, they help to develop an individualized 504 education plan. Some plan conditions are more challenging for the student and family due to limitations, while others create a program filled with triumphs and amazing developments leading to accomplishments.
Other considerations when choosing 504 Plans
As mentioned earlier, qualifying disabilities of a 504 plan vary. In some situations, students recovering from a severe injury or illness in need of educational assistance may find a 504 plan is the answer. Parents, the school’s principal, academic advisor or professional practitioner need to discuss the program fit and possibilities.
This isn’t an emotional decision even though emotions are involved. The final program approvals are based on the specific 504 eligibility. Parents need to get as much information as possible and solicit assistance from educators, teachers, physicians or therapists, and legal counsel before applying for this program.
If your child is already participating in an approved 504 plan, be sure to request annual reviews to make sure the student’s needs and the program mandates are being met as agreed.
Watch for possible changes:
- Student is no longer classified as disabled.
- Does not require special accommodations.
- Ready for traditional instruction methods.
Section 504 Educational Level Programs
Most parents and students are aware of Section 504 for Elementary and Secondary schools.
Did you know that participating Post-secondary schools include colleges, universities, technical training, vocational education, and adult education programs?
Post-secondary education must also follow the 504 guidelines to remove learning barriers for disabled students, capable of participating in the program. The programs assure effective communications and equal access to services. Students cannot be denied participation in an educational program due to a disability or be discriminated against.
Students need to:
- Meet the institution’s admission requirements.
- Participate in the program schedule.
- May qualify for housing or transport.
Disabled students cannot be charged more than a non-disabled student. Program accommodations, modification, and aides cannot be charged to the students. Higher education schools are required to provide auxiliary aids to students with disabilities that could result in a denial of a 504 program benefit.
504 Plans questions and answers
There are always more questions. These questions and answers are focused on the Section 504 statue’s intent to provide educational institutions with financial assistance, preserve and protect a student’s right to receive an education, and offer parents and educators a viable solution.
What does Section 504 cover?
Qualified students, federal and state laws applicable to disabled students ranging between the ages of three years old to twenty-two years of age, depending on the program. 504 programs are sometimes suggested by the school to assist a struggling student.
What’s the definition of disabled?
According to federal law, a disabled individual may suffer from a mental or physical restriction that limits one or more major life activities involving mobility, seeing, hearing, learning, or caring for oneself; administering scheduled mediation. The condition is documented as a learning impairment.
Does 504 Plan apply to all schools?
Programs vary among federally assisted local education agencies (LEA). Section 504 mandates that all public and chartered schools comply with the law’s policies and procedures. For the schools, adherence ensures the continued receipt of federal funding to fulfill these educational needs.
What are reasonable classroom accommodations?
Reasonable accommodations allow a disabled student to participate in a program by taking advantage of a service or meeting educational requirements. For example, hearing or vocally impaired students may use a computer for classroom and homework assignment.