PLOP, PLAAFP, and PLP are different acronyms used by different districts or states to discuss the current level of a child’s academic achievement.

They help to indicate the functional performance of students.

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When are these used?

Regarding IEP and Individualized Educations Program, the team working with your child will need to update this plan each year to ensure that everything is correct to give your child the best learning experience. The first thing you need for this is to understand your child’s current levels of achievement and performance in academics. This up-to-date level that your child is at can be referred to as PLAAFP, PLP, or PLOP. These acronyms refer to the same thing, and you will need a basic knowledge of what they are to help you make sense of the IEP for your child each year.

What does PLP include?

The PLP is often referred to as the baseline and is the starting point for the next year’s education program. It details where your child is at in terms of the abilities they have, their skills, and their strengths and weaknesses. It can establish your child’s level in academics, social interaction, and physical abilities. The PLP will also talk about how your child might learn differently from others and what the ordinary teaching methods cater to. To help the plan, the PLP will outline how your child can navigate topics and subjects and how they cope with everyday tasks such as socializing with others and necessities like tying their shoelaces.

Where does the IEP team get the information from?

To determine the skill level your child is at across various areas, the team establishing the PLP will need to draw information from a range of places. The team might use observations made by teachers as well as test scores and class work to determine how well your child is performing in a range of subjects. As parents, you can also inform the team of any other information or details that you think need to be taken into account when assessing your child’s current levels. You can bring this information to your meeting to help the team create a plan to help your child succeed.

How is the PLP written?

Since it will be used to refer back to and to set the goals for the year, the PLP needs to be very clear and detailed. When setting goals, it is pivotal that you set very obvious targets and are extremely clear about how you will know when they are met. A bad PLP might be that a child is not doing as well as expected in maths. A clear, well-thought-out PLP might be that the child can solve five mental maths questions in ten minutes with two to three errors when working on third-grade material. They complete questions slowly and are not clear in their working out.

How does the PLP affect the rest of the learning plan?

The PLP is the first thing to be implemented for the IEP to be developed for the coming year. Once this starting point is established, the team can work out targets for your child to aim for throughout the year. This will include goals that can be measured, and it will be obvious when they have been met. For example, suppose one of the problems identified in the PLP is that the child is not showing working when solving math problems. In that case, the Individualised Education Plan needs to address this issue and set a goal to correct the problem.

If the goals are not completed, it is still important to follow the process and update the PLP and the learning plan. If you think that the PLP provided is the same as the previous year, something is wrong, and you will need to let the team know to ensure that the process is being properly followed and your child is given the best chance for success. As children grow older, they will continue to develop their skills and ability level, and it is, for this reason, the work they are given and the goals they set need to be adapted and developed alongside this. Their successes and struggles will change, and you need to meet their needs by helping them set further goals appropriate to their abilities.

If you have more information that you think needs to be taken into account or are unsure of something added to the learning plan, you can take these questions and concerns to your IEP meeting. This can help the team since the more information they have from the parents, the better they know the child. This can help set more apt goals and improve your child’s learning and development. Always ensure that targets and goals are written clearly and that you understand your child’s expectations to get the best results from your individual education plan.